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Seminal Publications

Peer reviewed manuscripts:

Tabak RG, Khoong EC, Chambers DA, Brownson RC. Bridging research and practice: models for dissemination and implementation research. Am J Prev Med. 2012;43(3):337-50.

Theories and frameworks (hereafter called models) enhance dissemination and implementation (D&I) research by making the spread of evidence-based interventions more likely. This work organizes and synthesizes these models by (1) developing an inventory of models used in D&I research; (2) synthesizing this information; and (3) providing guidance on how to select a model to inform study design and execution.

Mitchell SA, Fisher CA, Hastings CE, Silverman LB, Wallen GR. A thematic analysis of theoretical models for translational science in nursing: Mapping the field. Nurs Outlook. 2010;58(6): 287-300.

The quantity and diversity of conceptual models in translational science may complicate rather than advance the use of theory. This paper offers a comparative thematic analysis of the models available to inform knowledge development, transfer, and utilization. This analysis distinguishes the contributions made by leaders and researchers at each phase in the process of discovery, development, and service delivery. It also informs the selection of models to guide activities in knowledge translation.

Wilson PM, Petticrew M, Calnan MW, Nazareth I. Disseminating research findings: what should researchers do? A systematic scoping review of conceptual frameworks. Implementation Science 2010, 5:91

Addressing deficiencies in the dissemination and transfer of research-based knowledge into routine clinical practice is high on the policy agenda both in the UK and internationally. However, there is lack of clarity between funding agencies as to what represents dissemination. Moreover, the expectations and guidance provided to researchers vary from one agency to another. This paper is based on a systematic scoping review of any conceptual/organizing frameworks that could be used by researchers to guide their dissemination activity.


Rycroft-Malone J, Bucknall T. (Eds.) Model and frameworks for implementing evidence-based practice: Linking evidence to action. Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.

The objective of this book is to consider the use of theory, models, and frameworks in the implementation of evidence-based practice, provide a collection of models and frameworks written by their developers, and offer a review and synthesis of these.

Online resources:

VA QUERI Implementation Guide

Frameworks, theories, and models provide three levels of increasing specificity in theory-based research. It is important to clearly describe how theoretical constructs or techniques are defined and operationalized in your project so that others can replicate your results. Selection and use of implementation frameworks, models, or theories is critical not only for guiding data collection and analysis, but also for contributing to advancing the theory of implementation science.

Knowledge Translation in Health Care: Canadian Institutes of Health Research

Theories and Models of Knowledge to Action:

Planned action theories (Ian D. Graham, Jacqueline Tetroe, KT Theories Group)
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Cognitive psychology theories of change (Alison Hutchinson, Carole A. Estabrooks)HTML | PDF (189 KB) | Help ]

Educational theories (Alison Hutchinson, Carole A. Estabrooks)
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Organizational theory (Jean-Louis Denis, Pascale Lehoux) [ HTML | PDF (185 KB) | Help

Quality improvement (Anne Sales) [ HTML | PDF (175 KB) | Help 


Relevant Websites

The North Carolina Translational & Clinical Sciences Institute

Veteran Affairs' Quality Enhancement Research Initiative

National Cancer Institute's Implementation Science Team

Training Institute for Dissemination and Implementation Research in Health

Canadian Knowledge Translation Clearinghouse

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